2013ApJ...776..131C
Resolving the Cosmic Far-infrared Background at 450 and 850 μm with SCUBA-2
Chen, Chian-Chou ( - ); Cowie, Lennox L. ( Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA ); Barger, Amy J. ( Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA; Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 North Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706, USA ; Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2505 Correa Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA ); Casey, Caitlin. M. ( Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA; Hubble Fellow. ); Lee, Nicholas ( Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA ); Sanders, David B. ( Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA ); Wang, Wei-Hao ( - ); Williams, Jonathan P. ( Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA ) show affiliations
The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 776, Issue 2, article id. 131, 13 pp. (2013).
Published in Oct 2013
We use the SCUBA-2 submillimeter camera mounted on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope to obtain extremely deep number counts at 450 and 850 μm. We combine data on two cluster lensing fields, A1689 and A370, and three blank fields, CDF-N, CDF-S, and COSMOS, to measure the counts over a wide flux range at each wavelength. We use statistical fits to broken power law representations to determine the number counts. This allows us to probe to the deepest possible level in the data. At both wavelengths our results agree well with the literature in the flux range over which they have been measured, with the exception of the 850 μm counts in CDF-S, where we do not observe the counts deficit found by previous single-dish observations. At 450 μm, we detect significant counts down to ~1 mJy, an unprecedented depth at this wavelength. By integrating the number counts above this flux limit, we measure 113.9^{+49.7}_{-28.4} Jy deg-2 of the 450 μm extragalactic background light (EBL). The majority of this contribution is from sources with S 450 μm between 1-10 mJy, and these sources are likely to be the ones that are analogous to the local luminous infrared galaxies. At 850 μm, we measure 37.3^{+21.1}_{-12.9} Jy deg-2 of the EBL. Because of the large systematic uncertainties on the COBE measurements, the percentage of the EBL we resolve could range from 48%-153% (44%-178%) at 450 (850) μm. Based on high-resolution Submillimeter Array observations of around half of the 4 σ 850 μm sample in CDF-N, we find that 12.5^{ +12.1}_{ -6.8}% of the sources are blends of multiple fainter sources. This is a low multiple fraction, and we find no significant difference between our original SCUBA-2 850 μm counts and the multiplicity-corrected counts.
Keywords:
Free Keywords: Astrophysics - Cosmology and Extragalactic Astrophysics; cosmology: observations; galaxies: formation; galaxies: starburst; gravitational lensing: strong; submillimeter: diffuse background; submillimeter: galaxies
Astronomy: cosmology: observations; galaxies: formation; galaxies: starburst; gravitational lensing: strong; submillimeter: diffuse background; submillimeter: galaxies
arXiv: Astrophysics - Cosmology and Extragalactic Astrophysics
Feedback