Faint Submillimeter Galaxy Counts at 450 μm
The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 762, Issue 2, article id. 81, 19 pp. (2013).
Published in Jan 2013
We present the results of SCUBA-2 observations at 450 μm and 850 μm of the field lensed by the massive cluster A370. With a total survey area 〉100 arcmin2 and 1σ sensitivities of 3.92 and 0.82 mJy beam-1 at 450 and 850 μm, respectively, we find a secure sample of 20 sources at 450 μm and 26 sources at 850 μm with a signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) 〉 4. Using the latest lensing model of A370 and Monte Carlo simulations, we derive the number counts at both wavelengths. The 450 μm number counts probe a factor of four deeper than the counts recently obtained from the Herschel Space Telescope at similar wavelengths, and we estimate that ~47%-61% of the 450 μm extragalactic background light resolved into individual sources with 450 μm fluxes greater than 4.5 mJy. The faint 450 μm sources in the 4σ sample have positional accuracies of 3 arcsec, while brighter sources (S/N 〉6σ) are good to 1.4 arcsec. Using a deep radio map (1σ ~ 6 μJy) we find that the percentage of submillimeter sources having secure radio counterparts is 85% for 450 μm sources with intrinsic fluxes 〉6 mJy and 67% for 850 μm sources with intrinsic fluxes 〉4 mJy. We also find that 67% of the 〉4σ 450 μm sources are detected at 850 μm, while the recovery rate at 450 μm of 〉4σ 850 μm sources is 54%. Combined with the source redshifts estimated using millimetric flux ratios, the recovered rate is consistent with the scenario where both 450 μm and 20 cm emission preferentially select lower redshift dusty sources, while 850 μm emission traces a higher fraction of dusty sources at higher redshifts. We identify potential counterparts in various wavelengths from X-ray to mid-infrared and measure the multiwavelength photometry, which we then use to analyze the characteristics of the sources. We find three X-ray counterparts to our robust submillimeter sample (S/N 〉 5), giving an active galactic nucleus fraction for our 450 (850) μm sample of 3/8 (3/9) or 38% (33%). We also find a correlation between the Ks band and the 850 μm/20 cm flux ratio.
cosmology: observations; galaxies: formation; galaxies: starburst; gravitational lensing: strong; submillimeter: diffuse background; submillimeter: galaxies